History of Tidal
To understand Tidal, you need to understand our history. We’ve changed a lot over the years but are proud of our past. We’ve loved campaigning on global justice issues and building the movement in Leeds for a more just and sustainable world.
Have a browse of our history and get in touch if you want to get involved, support Tidal or if you were there and have more history to tell!
Back then Tidal stood for Trade Injustice and Debt Action Leeds. The fledgling group spent a great deal of time just getting set up as an organisation, but they did find time to squeeze in a lobby of parliament, a benefit concert for the Jubilee Debt Campaign and a publicity stunt for access to water in Dortmund Square.GATS, events included two public meetings on the issue, a street theatre action with WDM, and a lobby and publicity stunt with 4 Leeds MPs and a giant set of scales! Members of the legendary Leeds cycling crews the Freedom Rickshaw Riders and Speedy Cyclists rode to the G8 summit in Evian, France. Also, remembering that a revolution without dancing is a revolution not worth having, TIDAL threw a party to celebrate 5 years since the human chain surrounded the G8 in Birmingham.
This was also the year Tidal launched arguably its most successful campaign ever – the campaign to make Leeds a Fairtrade City. Starting by asking our supporters to send a tear-off slip included in the Tidal newsletter to their councillors, campaigners lobbied the council hard to adopt the new standard. Amazingly, less than a year after the campaign had been launched, Leeds was declared a Fairtrade City on the 5th March 2004. At the time the award made Leeds the largest Fairtrade City in the country.
2004 was by no means a quiet year – we organised a Fairtrade Fiesta at the Civic Hall, a meeting on the Tobin Tax, a World Debt Day penalty shoot-out stunt, lobbied Hilary Benn and held Cloth, a Fairtrade fashion show – yet it seemed tame in comparison with the following one…
2005 was the year of Make Poverty History. An exciting and exhausting year for development campaigners, Tidal led the charge in promoting the campaign in Leeds. The movement was on fire that year, pulling out all the stops to promote the highest-profile development campaign since Jubilee 2000.
Events organised ranged from lobbying Hilary Benn in February, a Fairtrade Fun Day at the West Yorkshire Playhouse and the ‘Stay Up for Trade Justice‘ vigil in Holy Trinity Church, to a winter vigil outside the hotel housing the EU’s Development Ministers.The centrepiece of the year had to be the massive summer march in Edinburgh. Not only did some campaigners cycle from Leeds to Edinburgh – some via Tanzania! – to get there, the rest of Leeds’ activists took one of Tidal’s two specially chartered trains. In total we transported over 1,500 people to the march!
As if all that wasn’t enough, Leeds was awarded the Outstanding Achievement Award by the Fairtrade Foundation for its 2005 Fairtrade Fortnight, and the Surge speaker’s project was launched. Surge was a three-year project funded by DfID to allow Tidal to recruit, train and support speakers on international development issues. As you can imagine, our volunteers were in high demand that year…
In 2006 the movement took a collective break as it rested from the madness of Make Poverty History, took stock of its position and planned for the future. A rally in the summer and Tea Party in the winter kept the Make Poverty History flame burning, but increasingly energy was being poured into tackling the hot new development issue; climate change.
Keen to broaden our knowledge, we invited the Director of the newly formed Stop Climate Chaos Coalition to come up to Leeds and talk to us about the links between poverty and climate change. Inspired by what we heard, we founded Stop Climate Chaos Leeds, and that year held a public meeting on the issue and took 40 campaigners to November’s iCount rally in London.
2007 saw Tidal organise everything from an EPA day of action and lobby of a local MEP to supporting Christian Aid’s Cut the Carbon march and organising Cloth 07, a Fairtrade fashion show. Stop Climate Chaos Leeds became increasingly active, organising a vigil on Briggate, holding a fundraising gig at the Brudenell Social Club, and even finding funding for a one day a week member of staff.
By 2008 both trade and debt were low on the agenda for most national development agencies, but Tidal kept working to make sure the issues were not forgotten in Leeds. We had a packed World Debt Week with a publicity stunt, talk by a campaigner from the global south, and took a coachload of people to Journey to Justice, the Jubilee Debt Campaign’s conference on debt relief. Whilst we also organised a party to celebrate Nelson Mandela’s 90th birthday in The Light and hosted a session in the Schumacher North Conference, 2008 really belonged to Stop Climate Chaos Leeds.
Kicking off with a stunt on the Millennium Square ice rink, Stop Climate Chaos Leeds went on to encourage dozens of responses to the Leeds City Council Climate Change Strategy consultation, hold a fundraising ‘Play in a Day’, host two cafés on climate change, flashmob Briggate with the Leeds Freeze, and cap off the year with taking a coachload of people to the National Climate March in London.
2009 was shaping up to be a similar year, but when we heard that Leeds Bradford Airport had submitted proposals to expand its terminal we threw all other plans out the window. With Friends of the Earth, Leeds World Development Movement and dozens of grassroots campaigners we launched the No Leeds Bradford Airport Expansion campaign. Though the expansion itself ultimately went ahead, we won important concessions on curbing the growth of the airport and came within a single vote of total success, an incredible feat given the vested interests we were up against.
As well as supporting the Leeds premier of climate change docu-drama The Age of Stupid and helping run the Engage + Change day of action, we also collaborated with CAFOD, Christian Aid and Leeds Justice and Peace Commission to charter and fill a train with 700 activists to The Wave climate march.
In between all of this campaigning, an enormous amount of work was going on behind the scenes to determine the futures of Tidal and Stop Climate Chaos Leeds. We realised that we shared the same values and could be more effective if we shared our resources, so mimicking the Leeds Jubilee 2000 and Trade Justice groups’ decision almost a decade ago we decided to merge the two groups. We also realised that the issues of trade, debt and climate change were impossible to solve without addressing other issues of global justice like biodiversity, peak oil, and sustainability, so we broadened the remit of our work accordingly.
Finally, we realised that by ourselves it would be impossible to achieve the change we wanted in Leeds. But if we enabled activists to work together, to work more effectively, and we helped more people become activists in the first place, then together we might just be able to create the change we need.
And so in 2010 we changed our name to simply ‘Tidal’, and gave ourselves a new mission: to coordinate, support and grow global justice activism in Leeds. That year we developed this website and started to publish an e-update to keep Leeds activists connected to one another. We also helped groups work together strategically on the general election with our Fair Ten Challenge. But perhaps our most important area of work for 2010 was beginning to create a plan for Tidal and the Leeds global justice movement. We held ‘Tidal’s Big Conversation’ in the Autumn to get loads of activists involved in what we need in Leeds to grow and connect the movement, build flourishing groups and engage activists. You can read the notes from those conversations online.
In 2011 we used all that thinking and soul-searching to start working towards a plan for what Tidal could do to help us reach this goal. We continued planning and researching and welcomed a new Coordinator half way through the year. But we didn’t stop campaigning! We also held a lobby of Leeds MPs in the Big Climate Connection in the Spring, and launched Leeds Fuel Poverty Action in the Autumn with 4C, SURE-Energy, Friends of the Earth and lots of other grassroots groups and activists.
We held a Harvest Party to celebrate all our wonderful supporters (and eat lots of tasty homemade soup and bread) and welcomed a new wave of Tidal volunteers. Tidal was one of the partners putting on Leeds Summat in November which attracted around 1000 activists from across the city! We used this to launch our mapping project which we’d been working on with TINWOLF and others to link groups together and provide easier access to public and shared resources.
The mapping project continued into 2012, when we finally signed off our new plan. We got some money from the wonderful people of Leeds RAG to get someone to do some research on meeting spaces in Leeds and put them onto the online map.
As part of this plan to link together activist groups and make it easier for new people to join in the fun, we joined together with Together for Peace and Taking Soundings to develop a new ‘hub website’ for activists in Leeds – this would later take the name Leeds for Change. We’re still working on getting the meeting spaces map online, and hope to have that completed in 2016 – it’s more complicated that it first appeared!
2012 also saw the launch of Leeds Citizens (previously Leeds Community Organising), a project Tidal has been part of from its conception. Our involvement in the project helped bring global justice issues to new parts of Leeds.
Leeds Fuel Poverty Action had a busy year too, going to London for a national demo, the Big Six Energy Bash, publishing a manual on retrofitting, organising more actions in Leeds, and also mini-conference in September. Phew!
With supporting and connecting the movement in Leeds as our new(ish!) mission, we decided to dedicate our 2012 annual conference to the theme: Crisis Opportunity? It examined how we can thrive in a time of crisis and searched for opportunities for resistance. If you like numbers, you’ll be happy to hear we had a total of 13 workshops, 22 contributors and 86 participants on the day. We heard from inspiring speakers and linked up a number of different groups for collaborative action. One focus was questioning what Leeds wanted to do when the UK hosted the G8 summit in June 2013, and subsequently groups met up and made collaborative plans to bring campaigning together.
Last but no means least, 2012 was a year of fundraising. We organised a sponsored walk across the Dales Way – with a peak of 33 people walking almost 100 miles from Lake Windermere to Ilkley. These incredible walkers raised over £3000 and kept us going that year!
Heading into 2013 Tidal continued campaigning on fuel poverty. The year started with lots of organising in East Leeds – chatting to people in children’s centres, lunch clubs, church services, on the street – anywhere people would talk to us! We built up a list of people affected and conducted interviews with five households to show the human side of fuel poverty and to open up the issue outside the home. This resulted in a photography exhibition which we are very proud of. It links up the many different issues involved – Big Six profiteering, climate change, health and housing. We have since toured it around different locations and continue to use it as a workshop tool. Do get in touch if you’d like to make use of the resource.
But that’s not all! In 2013 we also…
- held lots of workshops – including at a Welfare Reform conference, Squaring up to the Energy Crisis event at the university, to group of young internationals and much more;
- took part in joint demonstrations with Fuel Poverty Action in London, Hands off our Homes in Leeds and Reclaim the Power in Balcombe – linking the global and local;
- developed links with trade unions – we ran a workshop at the PCS national Green Reps training, worked with a small groups of unionists in Leeds to do more work on climate change and helped launch Leeds Climate Alliance.
- conducted dozens of radio interviews, were in local papers and started our own blog
- hosted an activist from a Berlin to speak about democratising energy. This kick-started plans for a community energy project in Leeds.
2013 also saw Tidal welcome a second part time worker to the Tidal Team! Wahoo! We secured some one-off funding for the wonderful Claire to work one day a week for eight months to build a network for sharing activist skills in Leeds. She got started in the summer and got started by meeting with lots of campaigning groups and individual activists, doing a survey of what people want and have, researching and developing ideas of how to share skills online, ran a brilliant one day skill-share on solidarity activism, and started planning lots of workshops for the following year.
The major project of 2013 was stepping up work on Leeds for Change (what we knew previously as the ‘hub website’ project). We widened the steering group to bring in some additional expertise and built up lots of relationships with new groups. We did a bunch of research, including 17 in-depth interviews with potential member organisations.
We also focused on raising funds to actually build the website. With £3000 secured, we ended the year half way there. We applied for some grants and by Christmas had just finished making a little video to launch our crowdfunding campaign in January. And most excitingly, we had almost finished the logo!
Tidal’s started 2014 with a burst of activity, starting with a series of three coffee mornings in Seacroft as part of our fuel poverty campaign.
After a team of volunteers went through the Green Doctor training, we shared advice on reducing energy bills and sparked fascinating conversations on how we can reduce both the environmental and financial impact of fuel bills. Some people we met during the coffee mornings went on to take action in all sorts of ways. You can see Margery below marching against the Bedroom Tax.
In 2014 we also:
- Lent out the fuel poverty photography exhibition to places including St. Aiden’s Church and Huddersfield Climate Alliance
- Spoke at TUC, PCS and Green Drinks
- Hosted a Leeds Beckett placement student to support our work
- Were featured in LCTiM prayer diary (thanks LCTiM!)
- Sparked the formation of a new group – Leeds Community Energy and supported their first six months to get up and running. As part of this group, we attended conferences and held workshops with Share Energy Cooperative and Sheffield Renewables.
We are now stepping back from campaigning on fuel poverty to look forward to the run up to the UN climate negotiations in Paris next year and campaigning around the general election this Spring.
Our second focus of 2014 has been Leeds for Change. Tidal’s wonderful second worker, Claire, worked on building a Skill-Share Network for activists in Leeds, which you can now see on the Leeds for Change website at: www.leedsforchange.org.uk/resources/skills/
Claire also ran a few more brilliant skill-share workshops, including a session on using social media for campaigning with the Greenpeace media guru. A really informative day. We also held a day workshop on facilitation skills – absolutely vital to a healthy group. Thank you Claire!
The rest of Tidal’s movement-building work has been spent building the actual Leeds for Change website, something we’d been working towards for the past two and a half years. The website connects, supports and provides access to social justice action in Leeds. We have over 100 groups signed up, and they all have a profile page, the opportunity to post events and blog articles and share skills through the Skill-Share Network.
We launched the Leeds for Change website on 8th November 2014 with a massive 600 person-strong gathering called Summat New. Perhaps you were there? We were delighted to work with the Economic Justice Project on the event, which includes our old friends at Jubilee Debt Campaign.
There were 34 workshops, eight open forum discussions, two speaker panels, 40 stalls, a kids space (Summat Small!), an arts space and a whole evening of food, song, awards and comedy. You may recognise Tidal’s own Mary Keynes winning the Lifetime Achievement Award. It was a truly magical event that brought together activists in Leeds and celebrated all their hard work.
Leeds for Change has also had the pleasure of helping to distribute 20 £500 grants to local social justice groups this month, meaning an action-filled 2015!
The rest of 2014 was spent sending out our monthly newsletter – a huge thanks to volunteers Ella and Ben – fundraising, supporting new and existing groups, taking part in actions for global justice and lots more!
And on to 2015. We started off the year by planning a get-together in February for Tidal supporters and friends to Show the Love for the climate, eat food together and start sharing ideas for Tidal.
We made green hearts and prepared for a national day of action in March. We planned to travel to London with other activists, but unfortunately the coach didn’t turn up. We didn’t let that stop us! We had a great day in Bradford with young people from the Woodcraft Folk asking banks to divest from fossil fuels.
Meanwhile we were getting ready for the general election by gathering together representatives from 19 campaigning groups to form the 2015 Fair Ten Challenge. Together we made a list of questions to ask parliamentary candidates chosen by the public.
We launched the manifesto and campaign in April with Hilary Benn and an Easter bunny! We then emailed, phoned, met and hassled all the candidates flat out for a month to extract answers to our Fair Ten questions. We publicised the results on the Leeds for Change website so people knew where their candidates stood on the big issues of our time. You can still see them now on Leeds for Change so you can check up on whether your MP is keeping their promises.
One week before the election in May we rounded off the campaign with a big public debate with representatives from all parties answering the Fair Ten Challenge questions. A really big thank you to all our collaborators and volunteers. They made it possible.
Alongside the Fair Ten Challenge campaign from March to July we were busy investing in our activist future by running the Spark a Change course with the Economic Justice Project. Over four weekends we shared campaigning skills and demystified economics with over 30 people from a really broad range of backgrounds. We’re looking forward to further collaborations with the Economic Justice Project in the future.
As the days were getting longer in June we turned our focus to our bikes. 10 intrepid cyclists pedalled 100 miles in two days to raise money for Tidal. They even managed to climb White Horse Bank with a 25% gradient! A really big thank you to all the cyclists, volunteers and everyone who sponsored them, raising over £2000 for Tidal.
July and August was a time for planning. Tidal had come to the end of our five year plan, so we needed to decide what we wanted to focus on for the next five years. We held interviews with key global justice group members, open events for activists, and we put out a mass survey to help us prioritise. We’re really looking forward to sharing the plans in full early next year.
From September we were in full-blown conference planning mode. We recruited a volunteer – Jamal – to help run the event, and together we booked speakers, arranged workshops, bought a film licence and told everyone what we had planned. At the end of October we held the conference, Building a Different Story, attracting over 160 people over the night and day.
November meant that the COP21 climate talks were approaching and we helped form For the Love or Yorkshire to take action together. We helped to bring together over 300 people to join a pilgrimage, service, march and rally in Leeds. The next day we joined others on a coach to London to take part in the biggest climate march in UK history, while other Tidal supporters joined a Climate Peace vigil in Paris to mark the end of a 3-day cycling pilgrimage. Just wow.
In December we hosted the play, 3 Acres and a Cow. They brought a history of land rights, protest songs and poems to 150 people in Leeds. We learned, laughed, sang and get inspired. Wonderful nourishment to round off the year.
Tidal entered 2016 with a brand new strategy, just finished off at the end of 2015. We made plans to continue the core of what Tidal has been doing – campaigning on global justice issues, supporting Leeds for Change and holding activist gatherings. Alongside this, we’re now running more trainings and skill-shares, holding more social events to make it more fun to be involved in, and to build stronger relationships within the global justice movement in Leeds. Here’s how we got on this year…
February 2016 marked the launch of Zero Carbon Yorkshire (right) a new network which aims to bring campaigners and professionals together to help Yorkshire achieve a low-carbon future.
The first few months of the year were also spent on Summat 2016 planning – gathering speakers, 25 workshops, creative sessions, singing, kids space and volunteers. In the run up to the Summat we hosted the Leeds premier of The Divide, a film about economic inequality inspired by the book, The Spirit Level. We put together a panel to follow the film which sparked a lively debate and lots of thoughts to take to the Summat the following week. Leading up to the Summat, Tidal recruited a small team of bloggers to help promote workshops and campaign groups. This has led to better use of the Leeds for Change blog which is now being used to share even more news and campaign ideas.
In April, at the Summat itself, we were delighted to host one of the Heathrow 13 climate campaigners, Sheila Menon, as well as Clare Walden from the Economic Justice Project, and creative activist Dan Glass, amongst many fantastic guests. The event was partnered with our friends, War on Want and the Economic Justice Project, with whom we are planning more exciting events for next year.
We followed Summat 2016 with the first of two workshops on creative activism, called Beautiful Trouble. We had a whole day of fantastic facilitation from skilled trainers, thinking about and planning powerful actions for global justice.
While supporting others to campaign we’ve been taking some of our own advice, and got involved with a collaborative anti-fracking campaign. We joined forces with Frack Free Leeds, Greenpeace and others to campaign against the fracked waste water from North Yorkshire, coming to Leeds to be ‘treated’ at Knostrop water treatment plant. The campaign has organised public meetings, joined actions and hosted lots of awareness raising stunts on the streets of Leeds this year. The campaign will continue to grow this year, so look out for it near you.
We had a very exciting year with Leeds for Change, a hub website to connect and support action on social justice in Leeds. We secured funding for the next stage of its development, and recruited two new workers to focus on outreach, governance and usability of the website. Membership was up to 107 groups and we’d just submitted Leeds for Change’s documents to become an independent organisation.
In the autumn we ran three training events to share campaigning skills in Leeds: a day on Running Great Workshops, an evening on Blogging for Change and a whole weekend on Creative Activism.
Tidal entered 2017 with a brand new Co-ordinator Maia Kelly, who took over Laura’s role, and another excellent new Board Member, Alex Webster, who had previously been our Comms and Admin Volunteer. Our Comms and Admin role was led by Alex Russell until April, who was then ably replaced by Claire Harrison. In September we were really privileged to also take on Ai Van Kok, who is joining us for her University Work Placement Year, and helping us to develop our Fundraising and Campaigning projects.
In January we joined forces with a big coalition of concerned citizens, environmental campaigners, health workers, students and professionals to campaign under the umbrella name Healthy Air Leeds. This mobilization came off the back of DEFRA (The Gov department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs) losing in a High Court Judicial Review for the second time, for failing to tackle illegal levels of air pollution across the UK. Leeds is one of the worst affected cities, and local councils are to face huge fines if they aren’t compliant with legislation by 2020. To us this was the perfect opportunity to tackle climate change, a key global justice issue, on our own doorstep.
We facilitated three meetings with Leeds City Council officers in the last year, and have challenged them rigorously to take a radical approach to this issue. The Council is launching a public consultation in 2018 about establishing Clean Air Zone that extends to the outer ring road, within which private hire cars, HGVs, taxis and buses that haven’t upgraded to low emission technologies by 2020 will be charged. We think this is a start, but by no means enough to tackle this health emergency that is contributing to 40,000 premature deaths a year. We will keep lobbying local MPs to encourage the government to introduce a diesel scrappage scheme paid for by car manufacturers, alongside heavy investment in active and public transport infrastructure. With these in place we will push for a more effective Clean Air Zone that tackles all polluting vehicles, and accelerates the shift to zero emission transport without increasing social inequalities.
Alongside this, in spring we worked with partners at Leeds Beckett Student Union to put on a day-long gathering for activists, students and community groups called Educate, Agitate, Organise, which was held on the 29th April. We had nearly 200 people come through the doors to participate in a huge programme of over 40 workshops, panel discussions and activities, including a topical opening discussion on ‘How to organise against hate and fear’. Our exciting panel of national campaigners included; Nadia Idle from War on Want, Ed Lewis from Global Justice Now, and Tatiana Garavito from Hope Not Hate. The programme was designed to give people a better understanding of how activist skills can be used in many different areas of society to build towards a sustainable, progressive, social future.
The week after Educate, Agitate, Organise, we hosted the Leeds premiere of I Am Not Your Negro with a Q&A, which sold out all 200 seats in Hyde Park Picture House! The film was an extremely thought-provoking examination of race in America, based on James Baldwin’s unfinished book about the Black Civil Rights Movement and the deaths of Martin Luther King Jr, Medgar Evers and Malcolm X. We were delighted to have Sai Murray from the Racial Justice Network, and Dr. Shirley Tate professor of Race and Education at Leeds Beckett, join the panel that followed the film. This sparked a difficult and passionate discussion about how racism still functions in the UK today.
On the Summer Solstice weekend we tackled the Three Yorkshire Peaks for our biennial fundraiser. Eight of us walked 24 miles within our 12 hour target, and raised £1,300 through sponsorship. Thank you so much to all who contributed!
In August our temporary lease at Ebor Court was up, and we moved to Bridge Street Church in Eastgate. Our new home offers us fantastic workshop rooms and a shared office with lots of like-minded community organisations. We’ve been able to offer this space to local campaign groups who we continue to support such as Frack Free Leeds and Friends of the Earth, who hosted their enormous ‘United Against Fracking’ gathering here in the Autumn.
We’ve also had a very exciting year with Leeds for Change, our hub website to connect and support change-makers in Leeds. After carrying out a survey among users of the site, we started to address some barriers to engagement that were discovered through this research, and are busy working with a developer on a new, improved website. We will be organising a relaunch for the new site in early 2018, and are excited to show off its new features such as the Venue Finder, the Activist Calendar (which automatically pulls events from groups’ Facebook pages), automated newsletters and lots more! Tidal also handed the monthly events bulletin e-newsletter batten over to Leeds for Change, freeing up Tidal’s newsletter to focus solely on global justice activism and movement building updates from us.
In October we put on another day-long gathering, called ‘Re:connect – Building a Collective Response to Austerity and Division’ in partnership with our friends at The Economic Justice Project. Over 80 people came for a busy day of 12 workshops. The morning was themed around exploring the impacts on Workers and Jobs, Communities of Colour, and Welfare and Services. In the afternoon we focused on sharing strategies and building skills for change. To end the day, we co-created a Leeds People’s Charter to capture our learning, and create a shared resource for us to take forward to our organisations, elected representatives, and build into our own work and communities beyond the event.
To end the year we filled our event calendar with the first two activist trainings on ‘Power and Privilege’. This series of trainings aims to help us to explore how identity and oppression intersect, so that we can build stronger, more inclusive and diverse grassroots movements for change that actively transform relationships of power that lead to oppression. We teamed up with the Racial Justice Network and The Collective Liberation Project to co-host ‘Power, Privilege and Anti-Racist Practice‘ with us on the 18th November, and with Trans Leeds and Simpson Training to co-host ‘Gender in Transition, Power and Discrimination‘ on the 2nd December. Combined, we had over 50 people come through the doors. These thought-provoking trainings taught us how allyship doesn’t start and end with one workshop, but is a lifelong commitment to unlearning society’s harmful stereotypes, prejudices and biases, through embracing empathy and active listening. The workshops even sparked interest in running a reading group in the new year, to continue to support each other’s learning on themes explored through these trainings.
We’ve also done some important behind-the-scenes work on ‘actioning our strategy’, with help from our strategy mentor Lawrence Alexander, as well as planning for a more financially secure future with the help of our mentor Tricia Rich, who is the head of Fundraising at SumofUs. On the back of this support, we’ve just launched ‘Tidal 365 – Help Keep Us Afloat’, our fundraising appeal for more regular donations to help us stay financially afloat for the years to come, and addressing our £365 monthly deficit.
A really big thank you to all our volunteers and supporters for making it all happen to you for coming to events, taking part in actions and being part of the global justice movement in Leeds.
So here it is, fifteen years of Tidal on one page. We prepared this to satisfy curious onlookers, to reflect on where we’ve been, and to record for posterity our story. Thanks for reading. Oh, and after all that if you’re still hungry for more detail, click here to view ten years’ worth of newsletters.